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Deciding Destiny: Unveiling the Global Impact of 2024's World Leader Elections

Updated: Jun 26

2024 is becoming pivotal for global politics, with several significant world leader elections scheduled. From the United States presidential election to key votes throughout Africa, Europe, and beyond, the political landscape is set to undergo significant shifts that will reverberate worldwide.

In 2024, more than 80 countries, including some of the wealthiest and most powerful nations, are scheduled to head to the polls. These elections will determine new leaders or confirm existing ones in various positions of power. While the number of world leaders elected can vary due to different election cycles and political contexts, many leadership changes will occur this year.

With that, we wanted to provide an overview of the majority of the upcoming world leader elections in 2024, examining their potential impact and the key issues and candidates involved. Readers will gain a deeper understanding of the global political climate and the forces shaping the future of international relations and policy.

Please note that as these elections take place, this article regarding the listed elections will be updated as soon as possible to provide you with the most up-to-date list of world leaders. By the end of this year and this informative entry, we hope that our community of global seekers will be better equipped to navigate the complex and rapidly evolving world of international politics and the leadership changes that will undoubtedly shape the years to come.

1. United States - Presidential Election - 11/5/2024

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  • Joe Biden (incumbent president and Democrat)

  • Marianne Williamson (Democrat)

  • Jason Palmer (Democrat)

  • Donald Trump (former president and Republican)

  • Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. (independent)

  • Cornel West (independent)

  • Jill Stein (Green Party)

A variety of pressing issues are on the minds of the American public ahead of the U.S. presidential election, including: 

  • climate change

  •  crime & policing

  •  education

  •  the economy

  •  foreign policy 

  • health care 

  • immigration

  • reproductive rights

While voters across each of the 50 states will head to the polls, the Electoral College process determines who will be the next president of the United States. After polls close, ballots go into a statewide tally with a majority of US states giving the winning candidate in its state all of its electoral votes. The number of electors each state receives depends on how many members the state has in Congress. To become the next U.S. president, a candidate will need the votes of more than half of all electors.

2. European Union - Parliamentary Elections - 6/6/2024 to 6/9/2024

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The 2024 Parliamentary Elections in the European Union were the first since Brexit. As a result of Brexit, the total number of Members of Parliament and the number of Members of Parliament each country in the European Union receives changed. 

While EU citizens vote for European Parliament members, the leadership of each European institution is selected differently. The European Council elects its president and proposes a candidate for the President of the European Commission. European Parliament members are responsible for voting for their president and vice president and approving of the President of the European Commission. 

3. Asian Countries General Election

Flag of India and Flag of China

In China, the second session of the 14th National People’s Conference (NPC) and the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) opened in March. These sessions provided an opportunity to understand China’s policy direction for the following year. This year is crucial for realizing the goals and tasks of the 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-2025).

China’s NPC elections begin with a direct vote of the people in local and village elections operated by local election committees. The local elections are broken down in cities by residential areas or work units. Citizens vote for their village and local people’s congresses, and those congresses, in turn, elect the representatives to provincial people’s congresses. The provincial congresses in China’s 23 provinces, five autonomous regions, four municipalities directly ruled by the Central Government, particular administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macao, and armed forces then elect the delegates to the National People’s Congress (NPC).

4. Russia - Presidential Election - 3/15/2024 to 3/17/2024

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The Russian presidential election has extended Vladimir Putin’s rule over the country until 2030. Putin’s election run this year was possible due to a constitutional change in 2020 that reset his term limits.

Recent changes to voting procedures under Putin presented several monitoring barriers during the 2024 Russian presidential election. Such changes included the approval of electronic voting in 29 regions of the Russian Federation and voting in temporarily occupied Ukrainian territories.

Since the invasion of Ukraine, there has been a focus on limiting free speech and punishing dissidents in the country. In 2022, factual war reporting and anti-war protests became crimes under Putin.

From privately owned independent TV channels (which are banned from broadcasting) to news sites and radio stations, media in Russia is heavily regulated. Ahead of the 2024 election, Putin restricted journalists without specific qualifications from being present at election commission meetings, during vote counting and when the results of the voting are established.

5. Elections in South America and Africa

Venezuela - Presidential Election - 7/28/2024

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Three candidates are running against each other in the presidential election in Venezuela:

  • Nicolas Maduro (incumbent president representing the United Socialist Party)

  • Manuel Rosales (A New Time party representative)

  • Edmundo Gonzalez (The Democratic Unity Group representative)

Uruguay - Presidential Election - 10/27/2024

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Comoros - Presidential Election - 1/14/2024

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The election resulted in President Azali Assoumani of the Convention for Renewal of the Comoros party winning his fourth term.

Mali - Presidential Election - DELAYED

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While Mali’s presidential election was expected to take place in early February, it was delayed with no new date announced.

Senegal - Presidential Election - 3/24/2024

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Bassirou Diomaye Faye of the banned PASTEF party was elected to be the country’s fifth president.

Chad - Presidential Election - 5/6/2024

Mahamat Idriss Deby (Patriotic Salvation Movement representative) was declared as the winner of the country’s 2024 presidential election.

Mauritania - Presidential Election - 6/29/2024

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The election in Mauritania will reveal if voters are satisfied or want to see new leadership with a choice of the following candidates:

Rwanda - Presidential Election - 7/15/2024

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Voters in Rwanda will head to the polls to select one of the two candidates listed below to serve a seven-year term in office:

Burkina Faso - Presidential Election - July 2024

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 Due to concerns about security, Burkina Faso’s presidential election which is slated to take place in July may be postponed. 

Algeria - Presidential Election - 9/7/2024

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While the Algerian presidential election is being held earlier than usual, only Zoubida Assoul - president of the Union for Change and Progress (UCP) party - has announced her candidacy to date.

Mozambique - Presidential Election - 10/9/2024

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While the Renamo party has nominated Ossufo Momade to run for office, the opposing Frelimo party is expected to choose a presidential candidate by early May.

Somaliland - Presidential Election - 11/13/2024

An election resulting in an outcome that will affect the country for the next five years, presidential candidates currently consist of:

Tunisia - Presidential Election - 11/24/2024

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Tunisia’s 2024 election is currently lacking presidential hopefuls with only Olfa Hamdi (President of the Third Republic Party) announcing her run to date.

Namibia - Presidential Election - November 2024

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This election’s voters in Namibia will have the choice of electing SWAPO’s first female presidential candidate or one of two other party leaders:

Ghana - Presidential Election - 12/7/2024

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Ghana will either see a past president return to office or a prominent figure take on a new title with the following names on the ballot:

  • John Mahama (president from 2013-2017 and member of the National Democratic Congress party)

  • Mahamudu Bawumia (current vice president of the New Patriotic Party)

South Sudan - Presidential Election - December 2024

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There are currently four presidential candidates running for office in South Sudan’s presidential first ever national election

Guinea-Bissau - Presidential Election - December 2024

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While no specific date has been announced and no candidates have announced their runs, Guinea-Bissau is expected to hold its presidential election in December.

6. Elections in Central America

Panama - Presidential Election - 5/5/2024

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José Raúl Mulino (former foreign minister and security minister, Realizing Goals party representative) won the title of president as a result of the election in Panama.

Mexico - Presidential Election - 6/2/2024

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Claudia Sheinbaum (former Mexico City Mayor and Morena party representative) was elected as Mexico’s first female president.

In conclusion, the significance of the elections in 2024 lies in the unprecedented number of world leaders being elected, marking a pivotal moment in global leadership transitions. This comprehensive list focuses solely on global leadership elections, emphasizing the countries involved, candidates vying for positions, and the political parties they represent. By highlighting these essential details, our readers can gain valuable insights into the evolving landscape of international governance and political shifts worldwide. As we navigate through this critical year of elections, staying informed about these global leadership changes is essential for understanding how they may shape our collective future. So, stay tuned to the International Press Club of Chicago blog for the latest updates.



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